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Hip and Elbow Scoring Stourbridge

BVA Scoring for Hip Dysplasia and Elbow Dysplasia Near Stourbridge

Hip and Elbow Dysplasia are joint diseases that can affect a small percentage of all breeds to varying degrees. Historically, larger breeds have proven to be more susceptible to hip dysplasia than smaller breeds. Although the exact causes of these problems have not been fully clarified, there does appear to be a genetic link.

Despite efforts to identify marker genes, no simple DNA test can tell us which dogs will likely pass on this trait to their offspring. Checking the health of the parents and avoiding reproduction with affected dogs is the best we can do.


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Hip and Elbow Scoring BVA Hip Dysplasia Stourbridge

What is Hip and Elbow Dysplasia?

A lot of dogs unfortunately have poor joints as a consequence of domestication and inbreeding. Elbow and hip dysplasia are the most common conditions. These conditions affect the development of the hip and/or elbow joints and cause early-onset Osteoarthritis (OA), arthrosis, and degenerative joint disease. Many dogs with a milder condition of Dysplasia, can delay showing symptoms until later in life. Conditions are also genetic, meaning that they can be passed on to their pups.

X-rays for hip and elbow dysplasia

The most accurate way to diagnose, foretell, and spot abnormal growth (changes) in the hip joint caused by hip dysplasia is with hip radiographs or X-rays. Dogs can undergo imaging procedures from as early as 16 weeks old, they are done under a general anaesthetic. Hip scores should then be compared to the Breed Specific Statistics. Therefore breeders can ensure they are only breeding from healthy dogs. They are then assessed and scored by an expert panel of veterinary surgeons.

BVA Hip Dysplasia Hip and Elbow Scoring Stourbridge

Hip And Elbow Dysplasia FAQs

What is Hip and Elbow Scoring Scheme?

The Hip and Elbow Scoring Schemes were developed by the Kennel Club and the British Veterinary Association. To try and help breed out Hip and Elbow Dysplasia conditions. The hip score reflects the severity of the problem and is made up of the total points awarded for various aspects of the hip joint. It is better if the score is lower, the range for the overall score is from 0 to 106. Breeders are advised to only breed from dogs with low scores.
Larger dogs, like the Great Dane, Saint Bernard, Labrador Retriever, and German Shepherd Dog, are more prone to hip dysplasia than smaller dogs. Hereditary susceptibility can be increased by elements like an excessive growth rate, certain types of exercise, an incorrect weight or an imbalanced diet.

BVA and the Kennel Club established the Hip Dysplasia Scheme in 1965 to reduce the incidence and severity of the condition. The effects of hip dysplasia on a dog’s health, behaviour, and welfare can be severe. The programme uses X-rays to detect abnormalities (irregular or poorly formed hip joints) resulting from hip dysplasia. X-rays are evaluated and scored by BVA-designated expert veterinarians.

BVA and the Kennel Club established the Elbow Dysplasia Scheme in 1998 to reduce the incidence and severity of the condition. Elbow dysplasia can have detrimental effects on a dog’s health, behaviour, and well-being. The programme uses X-rays to detect abnormalities caused by the condition. The BVA appoints expert veterinary surgeons to evaluate and score X-rays. Although it begins in puppyhood, elbow dysplasia can continue to affect a dog for the remainder of its life in numerous breeds around the world.

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Why do working dogs need Hip and Elbow Scoring?

Breeding specialised working dogs benefit greatly from the Hip and Elbow Scoring Scheme. Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, border collies, Leonbergers, and German shepherds are among the breeds that are frequently used as working dogs. These expertly trained animals are used in a variety of professions. Such as tracking, specialised search, avalanche rescue, cadaver location, and police work. The dog’s skill, fitness, and health must be at their absolute peak to withstand the rigours of working life.

The scheme’s primary objective is to examine radiographs of the hips and elbows of dogs that are to be bred.
Breeders who wish to reduce the risk of disease should select their breeding stock from animals with scores well below the breed mean.
In addition to breed standards, the Assured Breeders Scheme, breeder clubs, etc. The kennel club provides information on some of the more specific DNA screening. All recommended health tests are now available for many of the genetically inherited diseases, as well as many more breed standards.

The most accurate way to diagnose, foretell, and spot abnormal growth (changes) in the hip joint caused by hip dysplasia is with hip radiographs or X-rays. Dogs can undergo imaging procedures as early as 16 weeks old, and they are done under a general anaesthetic. Hip scores should then be compared to the Breed Specific Statistics so breeders may ensure they are only breeding from healthy dogs. They are then assessed and scored by an expert panel of veterinary surgeons.

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Are x-rays safe for dogs?

While X-ray use is typically seen to be safe for dogs, radiation is involved. Therefore x-rays are usually only used on occasion and as a diagnostic tool. Veterinarians occasionally use X-ray equipment to learn more about a dog’s pregnancy, but ultrasound or other imaging techniques are preferred. Speak to your veterinarian if you have any concerns about the usage of X-ray equipment and the health of your dog. Your veterinarian will be able to explain the risks and benefits specific to your dog’s situation.

What signs indicate hip dysplasia?

The symptoms of canine hip dysplasia vary between individuals and breeds. Some visible signs include:

Lameness (being unable to walk correctly) (being unable to walk correctly)
After-rest stiffness
Reluctance to exercise
Grunting while reclining or rising
Having trouble using the stairs
A physical examination by a veterinarian will provide a more reliable assessment of the presence of hip dysplasia, whereas an X-ray is the only way to definitively diagnose hip dysplasia.

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What breeds are commonly at risk?

Common breeds at risk of hip dysplasia are:

Border Collie
Bernese Mountain Dog
German Shepherd
German Shorthaired Pointer
Golden Retriever
Hungarian Vizsla
Labrador Retriever

What is the BVA/KC Hip Dysplasia Scheme?

The British Veterinary Association (BVA) and The Kennel Club (KC) Hip Dysplasia Scheme examine x-rays of dogs to look for hip joint abnormalities. A panel of experts assigns a grade to each X-ray. We send the x-rays to be scored and communicate the results to you.

Why should you use the BVA/KC scheme?

Breeders can have complete confidence in the accuracy of the scoring and grading processes. The BVA/KC hip dysplasia schemes operate to the highest standards of expertise, quality, and consistency. The schemes also contribute to The Kennel Club’s unique hip score database, which is used to calculate our estimated breeding values.

The schemes’ key features include:

The scheme currently has a panel of ten scrutineers, all of whom are veterinary surgeons with advanced professional qualifications in veterinary radiology and/or orthopaedic surgery. They have extensive experience evaluating hip and elbow radiographs, scoring and grading over 16,000 each year.
Radiographs submitted to the scheme are assessed concurrently by two scrutineers working as a team. Whether side by side or remotely and reaching an agreement on the score/grade.
We only accept high-quality radiographs, which are reviewed using high-definition radiology-grade equipment and Vision imaging software. Annually, the panel of examiners meets to discuss the results of a quality control exercise and to review a sample of appeal radiographs. This ensures that the results are consistent and continuous over time. At each scoring/grading session, a random selection of scrutineer pairs ensures that there is continuous peer review within the panel.
New online submission system – The new canine health scheme online submission portal allows breeders to receive their dog’s results within one week of payment. Breeders can also request that their veterinarian sign them up for automatic email updates. Automatic updates on the status of their submissions, so they can stay up to date on their progress.
Appeals procedure – The BVA/KC scheme has a robust appeals process available to any breeder who disagrees with their dog’s score/grade. The radiographs are re-scored by a different pair of scrutineers who are not aware of the original score, and the results are reviewed by the chief scrutineer. As a result, the final appeal score is based on the professional judgement of five examiners.

How are the findings put to use?

The total hip scores have been published and can be compared to the breed’s median score (the score of the average dog in that breed, with equal numbers of dogs scoring higher and lower). Because the incidence of hip dysplasia varies greatly between dog breeds, this allows individual dogs to be compared to others of the same breed, indicating whether they are average, better, or worse in their hip status.

Hip scores of individual Kennel Club registered dogs and their relatives are published online through our health test results finder and are used to generate our estimated breeding values resource for the most commonly scored breeds. This combines data from the BVA/KC health schemes with information about a dog’s family (it’s pedigree). We can estimate the types of genes a dog has and those that may be passed on to its puppies by linking this data together and looking at a dog’s surrounding family. This service is unique in dog breeding and is supported by The Kennel Club and BVA’s close working relationship.

Owners should keep the following in mind when taking their dog for an X-ray:

Your dog must be at least one year old.
A microchip or tattoo must be used to permanently and uniquely identify your dog.
The Kennel Club registration certificate for your dog, as well as any related transfer certificates, must be available so that the appropriate information can be printed on the radiographs.
Radiographs must also bear microchip/tattoo numbers.
You should sign the certificate’s declaration (first part) to confirm the details are correct and to grant permission for the results to be used in data collection and research.

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Can you treat hip dysplasia?

It is possible to alleviate some of the pain and mobility restrictions caused by hip dysplasia. Various medications and surgical procedures are available for consideration. In addition to nutrition and physiotherapy, the care of a dog with hip dysplasia also includes the application of heat, massage, good bedding, exercise, weight management, and good nutrition.