Pet Surgeries

Veterinary Surgeon Wolverhampton

Offer a number of different surgical procedures including lump removal, foreign body removal, bladder stone removal, anal gland resection, and mammary gland resection. Find out more about what we offer below. 

Neutering

Spay / Castration for Cats, Dogs and Rabbits

Neutering is a surgical procedure which removes the reproductive organs from an animal making it impossible for them to bear offspring. In male animals, this involves castration (complete removal of the testicles) and in females, this usually involves removing the ovaries and womb (more commonly known as spaying).

WHY SHOULD I NEUTER MY PET?

Whether you own a dog, cat or rabbit, neutering has many benefits that can improve your pet’s quality of life. These benefits should be discussed with your vet to make sure neutering is a suitable option for your pet.

FEMALES

  • Bitches left unneutered can develop reproductive problems (eg breast cancer or pyometra – infection of the womb) Which can be prevented with early neutering.
  • Reduces the chances of her developing breast (Mammary) cancer.
  • Removes the risk of unplanned pregnancy

MALES

  • For males, castration significantly reduces the risk of developing a prostate disease, along with many other health benefits that can be discussed with your vet.
  • Decreases the possibility of tumours and hernias around the bottom, which are common in older, unneutered pets.
  • Both castrated and entire males can make excellent pets, however dogs that show signs of aggression should be considered for castration although this will not guarantee the correction of the behavioural problem.

 

WHEN SHOULD I GET MY PET NEUTERED?

We recommend that all dogs and cats are not intended to be bred from are neutered (spayed) at around 6 months for bitches (after her first season) and 9 months for males. However, the exact age may vary depending on your vet’s recommendation. Rabbits are generally spayed or castrated when they are 4-6 months of age. Neutering should be performed before the rabbit is 2 years old to get the benefit of prevention of disease.

WHAT IF MY PET HAS AN UNDESCENDED TESTICLE?

Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) have an increased tendency to grow tumours. They may also twist on their stalks and cause life-threatening inflammation. One of the most common risks of undescended testicle in dogs is the increased risk of testicular cancel if the undescended testicle is not removed. The surgery to remove an undescended testicle is far more delicate and invasive than the castration surgery used to remove normally descended testicles. Neutering and removal of the retained testicle (s) are recommended as soon as possible.

 

C Sections

Tudor house offers affordable C sections, either planned or emergency.

A free X-ray detailing an accurate puppy count will also be carried out religiously before surgery commences, a copy of your X-ray will be available to view and take home upon discharge

Pre-planned and Pre-booked c sections will also be available at a reduced cost when pre-booked in advance.

A caesarean section or c-section is a major surgery performed to remove puppies/kittens from the uterus. Elective or emergency caesarean section is used for preventing or treating Dystocia (Dystocia is the medical term used to diagnose a difficult birthing experience).

WHEN CAN C SECTIONS BE SCHEDULED?

At our practice, we typically schedule C-sections between 58 and 62 days after the first mating to prevent the need for emergency admittance. In most cases, 63 days from ovulation is within 24 hours of the ideal due date. However, without precise progesterone monitoring at the time of breeding, this timing may be off. Early Delivery may also be the case for bitches carrying large litters because of this, we recommend you monitor her the last 48 hours before her surgery to be sure she does not go into labour unattended.

WHAT HAPPENS ON THE DAY OF THE C SECTION?

Please be advised that NO food or drink is to be consumed on the day of the C-Section. Before starting the C-section, one of our vets will first perform a reverse progesterone test to ensure mom is close to natural labour. When you come in for your Caesarean, we recommend bringing the following items:

  • Blankets
  • Towels
  • Basket or box for the puppies
  • Hot water bottle or heat pad
WHAT HAPPENS POST SURGERY?

What to expect after your pet’s Caesarean section and how to keep her safe and comfortable when she comes home. Remember: If you have any concerns or questions, contact our emergency clinic or your daytime vet directly. As your pet has had a general anaesthetic and major abdominal surgery, you’ll likely notice that:

  • She’s drowsy but can still walk
  • She has a wound which may be covered by a light dressing
  • She has a bandage on one or more legs, meaning she’s received medications through an intravenous drip (These are normally removed shortly after returning home unless instructed otherwise)
  • A small amount of bloody fluid comes from her vagina (which is normal for a pet who’s just given birth)

 

WHAT SHOULD I DO/NOT DO AFTER MY PETS C-SECTION?

WHAT TO DO

  • Let her go to the toilet
  • Settle her down in a quiet, calm area to help reduce anxiety and stress
  • Offer a small meal and ensure access to freshwater
  • Check the wound regularly and make sure your pet doesn’t interfere with the area (we’d usually apply protective collars or shirts after surgery, but we don’t always do this because collars/shirts sometimes prevent newborns from feeding properly)
  • Give her any medications that the vet has prescribed
  • Contact your daytime vet to organise a post-operative check — ideally to take place within 3 days of surgery. External stitches may need to be removed after 10-14 days — the vet will let you know if this is the case
  • Make sure your pet gets their rest — this means no running, jumping or playing until an assessment with the vet / vet nurse at her final post-op check

WHAT NOT TO DO

  • Don’t leave the mother alone with her newborns until she’s fully awake, can stand on her own and has shown interest in caring for them
  • Please contact your emergency clinic or your daytime vets if you see any of the following signs;
    • Lethargy
    • Vomiting or diarrhoea
    • Reduced appetite
    • Heavy vaginal bleeding, or smelly/discoloured vaginal discharge
    • Pale gums
    • Discharge from the wound
    • Swelling, redness or pain in the wound

 

Pyometra

A pyometra is an infection inside the womb. Any unneutered dog is at risk of developing a pyometra, especially if they are over six years old. Hormonal changes during a season/heat put your dog at risk of a womb infection. Once the heat is over, the majority return to normal, but unfortunately, some dogs develop complications, which lead to an infection (pyometra). As a pyometra develops, the womb fills with pus. A pyometra can lead to blood poisoning, kidney failure, peritonitis and even death.

BOAS Surgery

We offer nose and pallet, pallet only and nose only BOAS surgery. BOAS means ‘problems breathing due to having a short head’ BOAS is a result of selective breeding. BOAS commonly affects flat-faced breeds such as Pugs, Pekingese, French Bulldog, British Bulldog, and Shih Tzu. Flat-faced breeds have become popular pets because of their ‘cute’ appearance and good nature – their snuffly breathing is often considered loveable. Sadly these ‘loveable snuffles’ are a sign that they are struggling to breathe due to BOAS.

Tudor house is rapidly becoming the people’s choice for BOAS Surgery

We aim to offer our BOAS surgery at realistic prices while still offering only the best in treatments and aftercare.

What our BOAS surgery involves:

  • We offer an X-ray to every patient, this is essential to investigate the presence of concurrent and secondary diseases such as aspiration pneumonia or hiatal hernia.
  • Your surgery will only be carried out by a veterinary surgeon who is skilled and has a wealth of experience in this field.
  • All of our BOAS patients will then have our head nurse as their dedicated nurse with them at all times during the recovery process.
  • All of our BOAS patients will be offered an overnight stay for close monitoring.

Tudor House’s popularity is forever growing around the UK as we are becoming increasingly famous for our love and understanding of bulldog breeds and BOAS surgery.

We take pride in the ability to take care of these issues and surgery on a daily basis. It’s important to know that having a vet that has a lot of experience with brachycephalic breeds is extremely important when choosing to own this type of breed.

What is BOAS?

Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS) is a recognised condition predominantly affecting certain dog breeds with shorter muzzles, flatter noses and wide shaped heads, known as brachycephalic breeds (‘brachy’ meaning short, and ‘cephalic’, meaning head).

The soft tissues of the nose and throat in some brachycephalic dogs may be excessive and can lead to partial obstruction of their airways. This makes it difficult for these dogs to breathe normally, causing noisy breathing and often heavy panting. This condition is a progressive disorder that can impair a dog’s ability to;

  • Exercise and play – reduced ability, slow, may appear lazy or less inclined to go for a walk.
  • Eat – frequently regurgitates.
  • Sleep – excessive snoring and may wake themselves up when they can’t catch a breath properly.

The condition may deteriorate with time, so the sooner something can be done to help, the better the expected outcome. Also, general anaesthesia and surgery are far less risky in terms of maintaining an open airway if the symptoms are only mild or caught early.

Cherry eye surgery (Removal or replacement)

The cherry eye is the prolapse of a tear gland present on the third eyelid of the canine patients. In a dog with no problems, the gland stays in its proper position which is tucked nicely at the inner corner of the eye, thanks to a small ligament. When the gland pops out of its normal position, it’s because of some level of laxity (looseness) or weakness of the ligament which causes the gland to start protruding as a reddish mass at the corner of the dog’s eye, hence the term “cherry eye.”

Entropion Surgery

Entropion is an abnormality of the eyelids in which the eyelid rolls inward. This inward rolling often causes the hair on the surface of the eyelid to rub against the cornea resulting in pain, corneal ulcers, perforations, or pigment developing on the cornea which can interfere with vision.

Eye Tacking

Quite often puppies are presented for tacking to correct entropion whilst they are under 6 months of age. This is performed under a quick general anaesthetic and multiple strong sutures or stainless steel staples are placed in the affected lids to prevent the eyelashes from irritating the eyes.

The aim is to roll out the affected lids to allow the puppy to develop its skull and the fat pad behind the eyes. In some puppies, this will be sufficient when they are skeletally mature but some pups will go on to require entropion surgery. The eye tacks can be removed after several weeks in the conscious puppy.

Hair lip / Cleft Palate Treatment

A cleft palate is a relatively common condition in dogs (up to 25% incidence). It occurs due to a failure of the roof of the mouth to close during development in the womb. This results in a hole between the mouth and the nasal cavity. The defect can occur in the lip (primary cleft palate) or along the roof of the mouth (secondary cleft palate). Inside the mouth, the cleft can extend along the bony portion (hard palate), the soft palate at the back of the mouth, or both.

Aural Haemotoma

An aural hematoma, also known as an ear hematoma, is a blood blister that develops between the skin and cartilage of the “pinna” (ear flap). It’s very common in dogs who are prone to ear infections, especially if they have floppy ears rather than ears that stand straight up.

The condition occurs when trauma or an injury to the ear flap causes the small blood vessels inside the pinna to break and leak internally, resulting in a blood-filled swelling.

Prolapse Repair

A rectal prolapse can occur in any breed of dog. As the name implies, this condition involves the rectum, which protrudes from the anal opening. Initially, the prolapse might happen only while your dog is passing stool, but over time, the relapse can become severe enough to remain constantly protruding from the anus. Not only is this uncomfortable for your dog, it’s also very serious, as left untreated, a prolapse can prevent the dog from being able to pass any stool, which ultimately can cause severe illness or even death. A true vaginal prolapse is a rare condition in dogs and it is occasionally observed in animals with constipation, dystocia, or forced separation during breeding. If a true prolapse occurs, the bladder, the uterine body and/or distal part of the colon, may be present in the prolapse. Fortunately, with prompt treatment, most dogs will recover fully from a prolapse. If steps are taken to remedy the cause of the condition, it’s unlikely the dog will experience another.

Lumps, Mass & Tumour Removal

Usually, people notice new masses while petting their cat or dog. While skin and subcutaneous masses are usually benign, some are malignant, and all new masses should be investigated.

Lumps are not usually a medical emergency. Just to be sure though, you should bring your pet to the vet for an evaluation as soon as possible.

If a mass or tumour is determined to be benign, the veterinarian may suggest just monitoring for growth. In the case of malignant tumours, surgery is often the recommended treatment. Here are several such tumours and masses to be aware of:

  • Papillomavirus tumours, which, although benign, may cause discomfort.
  • Lymphoma can lead to swollen lymph nodes, coughing, a lack of appetite, and lethargy.
  • Melanoma, which is often dark brown or black in colour and can cause pain and swelling.
  • Hemangiosarcoma, which targets the blood vessels. If present in the spleen, rupturing can occur, which is considered a medical emergency.
  • Histiocytoma damages the immune system. These are more common in dogs than cats. If you have a Chinese Sharpei, Boston Terrier, Boxer, Greyhound, Scottish Terrier, or English Bulldog, be especially proactive.
  • Osteosarcoma, which often presents in the extremities. This bone cancer may lead to limping.
  • Lipomas are classified as fatty tumours. These benign tumours are quite common in dogs.
  • Mast cell tumours, lead to itchiness and skin redness in animals.

 

What to Expect During Mass Removal

Your surgeon may use electrocautery to remove the tumour. The incision line will be closed with sutures, which, are often in multiple layers. The suture may be absorbable or non-absorbable.

The excised tissue is routinely submitted to a reference diagnostic laboratory for evaluation by a boarded clinical pathologist. Further treatment recommendations are made based on the histopathologic evaluation.

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