Routine & Other Operations

Paw Print


Spay / Castration for Dogs, Cats and Rabbits

Neutering is a surgical procedure which removes the reproductive organs from an animal making it impossible for them to bear offspring. In male animals this involves castration (complete removal of the testicles) and in females this usually involves removing the ovaries and womb (more commonly known as spaying).

Why should I neuter my pet?

Weather you own a dog, cat or rabbit, neutering has many benefits that can improve your pet’s quality of life. These benefits should be discussed with your vet to make sure neutering is a suitable option for your pet.


  • Bitches left unneutered can develop reproductive problems (eg breast cancer or pyometra – infection of the womb) Which can be prevented with early neutering.
  • Reduces the chances of her developing breast (Mammary) cancer.
  • Removes the risk of unplanned pregnancy


  • For males, castration significantly reduces the risk of developing prostate disease, along with many other health benefits that can be discussed with your vet.
  • Decreases the possibility of tumours and hernias around the bottom, which are common in older, un-neutered pets.
  • Both castrated and entire males can make excellent pets, however dogs that show signs of aggression should be considered for castration although this will not guarantee correction of the behavioural problem.

We recommend that all dogs and cats are not intended to be bred from are neutered (spayed) at around 6 months for bitches (after her first season) and 9 months for males. However, the exact age may vary depending on your vet’s recommendation. Rabbits are generally spayed or castrated when they are 4-6 months of age. Neutering should be performed before the rabbit is 2 years old to get the benefit of prevention of disease.

What if my pet has an undescended testicle?

Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) have an increased tendency to grow tumours. They may also twist on their stalks and cause life-threatening inflammation. One of the most common risks of undescended testicle in dogs is the increased risk of testicular cancel if the undescended testicle is not removed. The surgery to remove an undescended testicle is far more delicate and invasive than the castration surgery used to remove normally descended testicles. Neutering and removal of the retained testicle (s) are recommended as soon as possible.